Hyderabad: One of the major risk factors that are playing its part in the rise of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) like cardiovascular ailments and strokes in Telangana State is hypertension. Along with diabetes, the prevalence of the silent killer i.e. hypertension continues to remain on a higher side, fuelling NCDs in the State.
The role of hypertension and diabetes in the rise of NCDs is well documented and two recent studies have further re-established this hypothesis.
The first paper, which is an analysis of the existing data in National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) of 2015-16 data and published in BMJ Open last November, said that 14.2 per cent of the population between 15 years and 49 years in Telangana State has high blood pressure (BP).
Another study that was carried out on 100 students between the age of 17 years and 25 years at two degree colleges in Nizamabad and published in International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health (IJCMPH) last August said that 8 per cent of the students in both urban and rural areas in Nizamabad were hypertensive and pre-hypertensive.
The BMJ Open study said that the prevalence of hypertension was also high in TS when compared with national average. Hypertension prevalence is 18.9 per cent among men and 13.6 per cent among women.
“Proportion of people in the age group of 15-49 years suffering from hypertension is high across all groups. The poor are suffering disproportionately, which perhaps could have social and economic implications,” lead author of the study and Assistant Professor of Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, Dr Soumitra Ghosh said in a press release.
The Nizamabad study, supported by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), said that 16 per cent of the students were pre-hypertensive and hypertensive. The study said that 7 per cent of the students between the age group of 17 years and 19 years and 9 per cent in the 20 years and 25 years of age group were overweight.
“Imbalance between unhealthy diet intake and physical activity is leading to obesity which contributes to high blood pressure. Obesity and family history of hypertension are major risk factors for adolescent hypertension,” Dr Syam Sundar Junapudi, Associate Professor, Government Nizamabad Medical College said.
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