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Telangana Poets


Dasaradhi Krishnamacharyulu ( దాశరధి కృష్ణమాచార్యులు)

Krishnamacharyulu Dasaradhi దాశరధి కృష్ణమాచార్యులు(July 25, 1925 - 1987) was an Indian poet and political activist. He was a great pundit in the Telugu, Sanskrit, and Tamil languages and puranas (mythology)..

Early life : Dasaradhi was born into a middle class Vaishnava family (Vaikhaanasa Brahmin ) in Chinnaguduru in Manukota Taluqa in Warangal district(Now Maripeda zone in Warangal district).

Education : He matriculated from Khammam Government High School but gave up the idea of higher education to join the movement against autocratic Nizam Muslim rule of the Hyderabad State.

Career

Activism : As a volunteer in the left-wing Andhra Mahasabha movement, Dasaradhi traveled from village to village in Telangana to enlighten the public. Mahatma Gandhi and Kandukuri Veeresalingam influenced him. However, he joined the political left, as most of his friends were leftists and communist revolutionaries.

Poetry: He began writing poetry very young when he was a student. His poetry was revolutionary and was influenced by the communist ideology of Karl Marx . The downtrodden, poor, exploited, workers were his subjects in poetry. He strongly believed that the capitalist , feudalist and autocratic society under Muslim rule would give way to democracy and equality .

After the Independence of India in 1947, many independent kingdoms and principalities joined the newly formed Indian Union . However, Hyderabad State under the autocratic rule of the then ruler Mir Osman Ali Khan did not join the Union. Mir Osaman Ali Khan failed to control the atrocities committed by the Mazlis Ittehadul Muslimeen Party. At this juncture, the State Congress Party under the leadership of Swamy Raamaanandateerdha called for an action against the autocratic Muslim rule. Thousands of people went to jail by responding to this call and participating in satyagraha (civil disobedience).

Arrest and imprisonment

Dasaradhi was arrested in 1947 and was sent to Warangal central jail, along with many other leaders who went on to prominence in independent India. Dasaradhi was later moved to Nizamabad central jail. While in jail he wrote poetry. After his release he left Telangana for Vijayawada and wrote poetry against the Nizam in Telugu Desam , a daily paper devoted to news and articles related to Telangana and the Nizam's rule.

In 1948, the Indian Union took over the Hyderabad State in a police action and put an end to the autocratic Nizam rule and to the violence unleashed by the Muslim Razakars and Mazlis Ittehadul Muslimeen Party. Later, the Telangana part of the Hyderabad state was united with the state of Andhra and eventually formed the present state of Andhra Pradesh .

After democratic rule was established in Hyderabad , Dasaradhi served in the government of Andhra Pradesh for some time. Later, he worked for All India Radio Vijayawada and Madras (Chennai) as a prompter and retired in 1971. He served as the Government Poet from 1971 through 1984. He also rendered services as an emeritus producer for All India Radio and Doordarshan (Television).

Literary works

Daasrathi obtained fame through his revolutionary poetry. His first book Agnidhara (Flowing Fire) was published in 1947. This book is about the Telangana Armed Struggle against Nizams rule, in which young Daasarathi served as a revolutionary. Daasartathi wrote part of his book Agnidhara while he was in jail and completed it after his release.

His other works include Rudraveena (1950), Mahandrodyamam, Punarnapam, Amruthabishekam, Kavithapushpakam and Ghalib Geethalu (1961). Ghalib Geethalu is the Telugu translation of the poems of Urdu poet Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib . He has also composed Lyrics to some Telugu films.

Daasarathi said that the "Nizams brutal rule, Peoples woes under his rule, Indian Independence, Entry of Indian Armed Forces to free Nizams state and the fall of Nizam" as the inspiration for his writings.

Tollywood : He wrote lyrics for many Telugu movies . His debut movie was Vaagdanam . He wrote approximately 2000 lyrics for the film industry. He also wrote lyrics for the superhit movie Pooja (1976 Film). 

Awards

  • His Timiram To Samaram War with Darkness ) won the Sahitya Akademi Award (the Indian National Academy of Letters) in 1974.

     

  • In 1975, Andhra University honored Dasaradhi Krishnamacharyulu with the titleKalaprapoorna .
  • In 1976, Agra University conferred upon him an honorary D. Litt. degree.

     

Filmography

  • Vaagdanam
  • Pooja

Quotes

"నా తెల౦గాణ, కోటి రతనాల వీణ "

"నాకు ఉర్దు తెలుగు రెండు కళ్ళు, ఈ రెండు భాషలను చదవగలను"

"కమ్మని నా తెలంగాణా తొమ్మిది జిల్లలేనా? ఆశాలాంధ్ర కు తెలంగాణా పర్యాయం కాదా"

"ఏది కాకతి? ఎవరీ రుద్రమ? ఎవరు రాయలు? ఎవడు సింగన? అన్ని నేనే! అంత నేనే! తెలుగు నేనే! వెలుగు నేనే"

"తెలంగాణము ర్తెతుదె! ముసలి నక్కకు రాచరికంబు దక్కునే?"

"నా గీతవలులెంత దూరము ప్రయణంబౌనో అందాకా ఈ భూగోళంబున అగ్గి వేత్తేడాను"

"నా పేరు ప్రజా కోటి! నా ఊరు ప్రజా వాటి"

"రానున్నది ఏది నిజం? ఆది ఒకటే - సోషియలిసమ్"

Posted Date:19-03-2014
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